Dr. Jakob Joseph Goldmark and Regina Wehle came to America after the failure of the Austrian Revolution of 1848. Among their children were four daughters who each made a mark on society:
- Helen Goldmark Adler, who was not just the wife of Felix Adler (founder of the first Ethical Culture Society) but did her own work on child development;
- Alice Goldmark Brandeis, married to the jurist Louis Brandeis, who herself worked for often-controversial social reforms;
- Pauline Goldmark, an early social researcher and activist on behalf of women workers; and
- Josephine Goldmark, who worked against child labor and for the minimum wage.
Josephine and Pauline were also key in developing the so-called Brandeis brief for their brother-in-law, used in the landmark Supreme Court decision Muller v. Oregon. (A brother, Henry C. Goldmark, was the engineer who designed the locks for the Panama Canal.)
Come hear more about these sisters and consider how their interconnections with many others helped to create some key social reforms in American history.
Program followed by snacks and coffee/tea — please feel free to bring something to share!
March theme: balance. What does it mean to be a person of balance? What does it mean to be a community of balance?